The penultimate issue of Providence came out yesterday, and it is a reference-packed tour de force taking the narrative from Black’s 1919 to the present day. Eagle-eyed readers can spot “The Dunwich Horror,” “The Horror at Red Hook,” “The Shadow Over Innsmouth,” “The Thing at the Doorstep”, Robert E. Howard, William Burroughs, Clark Ashton Smith and much, much more. There are also plenty of ties to Moore and Burrows’ The Courtyard and Neonomicon.
The Facts Providence team has first-run-through Providence #11 annotations up. Site authors and readers will continue to review, update and add details. Look them over and let us know if there are things we got wrong or missed.
Robert did the basic annotations for Providence #4 quickly (while I vacationed), and commenters suggested plenty of additions. We’ve made revisions and we’re ready to call our Providence #4 annotations done. Though we keep working on them; each new issue sheds light on the prior ones. We keep re-reading and spotting clever details each time.
Only a couple days before Providence #4 is out, and all signs point to Alan Moore and Jacen Burrows tackling one of the major building blocks of Lovecraft’s Mythos, “The Dunwich Horror.”
In the last comic pages of Providence #3, Robert Black was on the bus from Salem to Athol, Massachusetts, the real-life inspiration for the fictional town of Dunwich, with its looming Sentinel Hill, crowned with ancient megaliths and hose to strange rites. Black is on the trail of an English translation of Hali’s Booke of the Wisdom of the Stars, the central text of the Stella Sapiente cult and its various fractions, said to be held by the Wheatley family, who had provided a copy of the text to Robert Suydam, who ultimately sold it to Dr. Alvarez in Providence #1. This parallels Lovecraft’s own artificial mythology, where the degenerate Whateley family of Dunwich own a rare English language translation of the fabled Necronomicon, as translated by Dr. John Dee – a figure Moore has something of an affinity for in several of his works, as touched on briefly in Road to Providence.
I asked myself, “If that was true, how would it all link up?” Then, I started a process, tracing back to Lovecraft’s Necronomicon, to some of the early New England wizards in Lovecraft’s fiction who must have known each other. Who were living in such a relatively small area at more or less exactly the same time, so that I thought it would do no violence to Lovecraft’s work if you said, “Yes, these three people, they knew each other”. […]
The magic that appears in Providence is that which appeared in Lovecraft’s stories. There were some very dodgy occult incantations mentioned in, I think, “Horror at Red Hook”, cribbed from Encyclopedia Britannica without really understanding them, and it showed. And, of course, there are references to Cabbalists in a few Lovecraft stories. This is not a book about magic. This is a book about Lovecraft. Without going too far into it, I’ve made sure that those references in Providence are credible and realistic.
Moore’s efforts so far have tied together Lovecraft’s various witches and wizards with a credible work of medieval Arabic, the aforementioned Hali’s Booke, which appears to be effectively equivalent to real-world manuscripts like the Picatrix. While the details are still maddeningly vague, so far the works of the group combine invocation of Lovecraftian entities with Wilhelm Reich’s concept of orgone (most prominent in the chamber in Salem that links Providence #3 and Neonomicon) and some allusions to Qabbalah and Hermeticism in Suydam’s mystical paraphernalia in Providence #2. Where all this will lead in Providence #4 remains to be seen, but we can make three reasonable guesses.
First, the translation of the Necronomicon by John Dee; the Wheatley’s English translation may also be by Dee, in which case it could connect to or reference Dee’s work with Enochian magic. Second, there is a connection with Arthur Machen – Lovecraft’s “The Dunwich Horror” is essentially a pastiche of Machen’s “The Great God Pan,” and Lovecraft placed considerable emphasis on Machen’s stories of strange, non-human aboriginal races surviving to the modern day and intimations of witchcraft, tying those into Margaret Murray’s theories on the survival of a great European witch-cult; Machen was also, briefly, a member of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. Finally, the act of magic which resulted in the conception of William Whateley in “The Dunwich Horror” has parallels with another magical conception, a sort of planetary magic described by Aleister Crowley in his novel Moonchild, a parallel briefly explored by Robert M. Price in his story “Wilbur Whateley Waiting.”
Whether any or all of these make it into the following product, we’ll find out in a few more days. Readers interested in some of the background research by Moore, the recent interview references a number of works, from hoax Necronomicons, Satanic murders,and chaos magicians using Lovecraftian entities in their workings to the essays of Lovecraft scholar Dirk W. Mosig. While Moore doesn’t mention them by name, the two works that would cover most of the material he discusses would include The Necronomicon Files: The Truth Behind the Legendby Daniel Harms and John William Gonce III, and Mosig at Last: A Psychologist Looks at Lovecraftby Dirk W. Mosig.